All bilateral agreements between the Soviet Union and NATO members were signed in the official languages of both parties. For all documents published in the Sea Journal, there are unofficial English translations – links are included according to the respective agreements. Twelve NATO allies had signed bilateral military agreements with the Soviet Union on preventing incidents at sea outside territorial waters. These allies are the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, France, Italy, Norway, Spain, the Netherlands, Canada, Portugal, Greece and Turkey. The agreements are listed below with links to English translations, if available. The United Nations will further strengthen the cooperation that has developed over the past two decades between United Nations maritime agencies. Such close cooperation would be of great benefit to states, as it would avoid duplication and duplication of activities. It would also help coordinate multidisciplinary activities related to the management of maritime affairs. The third UNITED Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea was established shortly after the Arab-Israeli war of October 1973.

The ensuing oil embargo and soaring prices have only increased concerns about the control of offshore oil reserves. Already, large quantities of oil came from offshore facilities: 376 million of the 483 million tonnes produced in the Middle East in 1973; 431 million barrels per day in Nigeria, 141 million barrels in Malaysia, 246 million barrels in Indonesia. And all this with almost 2% of the continental shelf. Clearly, there was hope for a happy discovery and potential to be protected. The Convention referred to six main sources of maritime pollution: land and coastal activities; drilling continental shelves; The potential exploitation of the seabed; marine dumping; Pollution by ships Air or air pollution. The only exception to these provisions concerns sensitive cases of national sovereignty. In these circumstances, the parties are required to submit their dispute to a conciliation commission, but are not bound by a decision or decision of the Commission. The resulting moral pressure was seen as convincing and sufficient to ensure respect for the results.

The convention also contains “optional exceptions” that can be established on the date a country signs, ratifies or adheres to the convention or at a later date. A state may declare that it chooses not to be bound by one or more of the mandatory procedures when it comes to existing maritime border disputes, military activities or issues under discussion in the United Nations Security Council. DONE in two ballot boxes, on May 25, 1972 in Moscow, in English and Russian, each equally authentic. 3) “training”: an orderly arrangement of two or more vessels that operate together and are normally operated together. . The oceans have generated a large number of claims, counter-claims and sovereignty conflicts.